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Are these the beginnings of a new cold war between the West and Russia?

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It in fact resulted in the resurgence of blocs, of areas of influence “,” text “:” Russia has proposed fundamentals that closely resemble a return to the status quo before 1975, that is to say a YaltaII format actually leading to the resurgence of blocks, areas of influence “}}”>Russia has proposed fundamentals that look a lot like a return to the pre-1975 status quo, i.e. a Yalta II format that actually results in the resurgence of blocs, areas of influence., he said in an interview with AFP.

The proposed guidelines deprive some countries of their freedom of choice and sovereignty to join alliances.

A quote from Jean-Yves Le Drian, French Minister of Foreign Affairs

Russia asks the United States and theNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization security guarantees aimed at reconstituting its sphere of influence in the former USSR and recreating a buffer zone between the Alliance and its territory in Eastern Europe.

Moscow demands in particular a commitment from NATO to stop any enlargement towards the East, in particular in Ukraine, and to reduce its military presence in the new member states of the Alliance, from the Baltic countries to Romania.

For us this is unacceptable, hammered the head of French diplomacy, whose country has held the rotating presidency of the European Union (EU) since January 1, in unison with the United States and other member countries of the Alliance.

This would amount to a new division of Europe like what had been recorded at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences in 1945 between the United States and the Soviet Union, the two victorious powers of the Second World War.

II, we must develop a strategy that would promote a HelsinkiII, in line with the commitments made in 1975 by all the signatories of the Helsinki agreements, including the USSR at the time, extended by the 1990 Paris Charter “,” text “:” Facing a strategy which wants to promote a YaltaII, we must develop a strategy which would like to promote a HelsinkiII, in line with the commitments made in 1975 by all the signatories of the Helsinki agreements, including the USSR at the time, extended by the Charter of Paris from 1990 “}}”>Faced with a strategy that wants to promote a Yalta II, we must develop a strategy that would promote a Helsinki II, in line with the commitments made in 1975 by all the signatories of the Helsinki agreements, including the USSR at the time. , extended by the Charter of Paris of 1990, added Jean-Yves Le Drian.

Europeans must get along

These agreements, signed at the end of the Helsinki conference on security and cooperation in Europe, enshrined detente between Westerners and Soviets after decades of the cold war by guaranteeing the inviolability of borders and allowing greater circulation of people and ideas.

The Charter of Paris for European security, established on the basis of the Helsinki Agreements, ratified the end of the Cold War following German reunification in 1990 and the fall of the communist regimes.

The Europeans must fix their positions Thursday and Friday on the occasion of a meeting of the foreign ministers of theEuropean Union in Brest (western France), after the intense diplomatic sequence of the week between the Americans, the Russians, North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

Whether within the Alliance or at theOrganization of Security and Cooperation in Europe, they take their place in the dialogue with Russia, insisted Jean-Yves Le Drian.

The fact that we were consulted by the United States before their meeting with the Russians on Monday in Geneva and after this first meeting is a positive sign. This dialogue must continue, he added.

Multiple consultations

He also outlined an imminent resumption of discussions by the Normandy group (Germany, France, Russia, Ukraine) for the settlement of the Ukrainian conflict which has left more than 13,000 dead since the start of tensions between Kiev and the pro-Russian separatists in the east. from the country.

I see signs of possibility of recovery, he underlined, after a joint visit of the diplomatic advisers of French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to Moscow, then to Kiev.

Russia has been avoiding this format of discussions for several months, which aims to implement the Minsk peace accords (2015) and which refers to a first meeting of the leaders of the four countries in 2014 in Normandy (western France).

In all these fora, including theOrganization of Security and Cooperation in Europe where Thursday’s meeting will be held under the Polish Presidency, Europeans are maneuvering to defend their own security interests, assured Jean-Yves Le Drian.

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