The promulgated text provides for the banning of products manufactured in whole or in part in Xinjiang, unless companies are able to prove to customs officials that the products were not made with forced labor.
It is the first time that a country has taken such a step.
The White House specifies that in parallel, the signed text
imposes sanctions on foreign individuals responsible for forced labor in the region.
This law gives the government
new tools to prevent the entry into the territory of products made with forced labor in Xinjiang and to hold accountable the people and entities behind these abusesSecretary of State Antony Blinken said in a statement on Thursday, calling on the Chinese government to end
to genocide and crimes against humanity.
The adoption of the text, voted unanimously by the Senate on December 16, is a victory for the supporters of an aggressive policy intended to fight against the violation of human rights.
The vote came despite a lobbying campaign from companies arguing that the legislation would disrupt global supply chains, already under pressure from the pandemic.
By signing the text, specifies the White House, President Biden notably thanked the Republican senator from Florida Marco Rubio, one of the authors of the bill.
This measurement is
the most important and effective taken so far to hold the Chinese Communist Party accountable for its use of forced labor, he reacted Thursday in a statement.
Beijing is accused by Western countries of massively locking the Uyghurs, a predominantly Muslim and Turkic-speaking community in western China, in large labor camps.
Last Thursday, the Commerce Department and the Treasury announced new sanctions against Chinese biotech and tech companies accused of using their technology to serve the government to amplify Uyghur surveillance.
The Treasury had also banned US nationals from trading with eight high-tech companies, including the world’s number one drone company, DJI, which had already been on the Commerce Department’s blacklist for two years.