The study shows that the duration of symptoms and having a pre-existing chronic disease are important risk factors in these young people.
The risk of complications also increases with age. According to researchers, adolescents are therefore more at risk than young children.
Researchers followed 3,221 young people who tested positive for COVID-19 in 41 emergency departments across 10 countries, including the United States, Canada, Costa Rica and Italy.
According to the results obtained, 3% of young people under the age of 18 who contracted SARS-CoV-2 developed serious complications within 14 days of their visit to the emergency room.
Serious consequences include cardiovascular complications, as well as neurological, respiratory or infectious problems.
A total of 23% were hospitalized and 4 children died.
Of the 2,510 young people who returned home after their positive result, only 0.5% had serious complications during the follow-up period.
Our results can reassure parents and clinicians […] while providing important guidance on children who may be particularly at risk of developing serious illness, said in a statement Dr. Todd Florin, associate professor of pediatrics at the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University.
Help emergency services
Unlike other studies, we did not find that very young infants were at higher risk of serious consequences., can we read in the study.
It is most encouraging […] these children had a really low risk of serious consequences, it was less than one in 200 childrensays Dr. Stephen Freedman, one of the study’s investigators and professor at the Cumming School of Medicine at the University of Calgary.
The researchers believe that their study could be used to facilitate the work of health professionals in intensive care units.
” It gives us confidence in the decisions we make, especially with small children who are a little more difficult to assess in general. “
As emergency departments around the world see an influx of patients due to the COVID-19 pandemic and their capacity is strained, this study will help address the influx by providing an estimate of risk among pediatric patients with COVID-19 screened in an emergency department, explained in the press release Nathan Kuppermann, one of the study’s researchers and president of emergency medicine at Davis Medical Center from the University of California.
The researchers stress, however, that their work cannot be generalized to all emergency services or to countries that are not included in the study.