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Germany runs to gas shortage; “very difficult” choices ahead | War in Ukraine

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Some industrial sectors should be closed […]. All market economy processes would then be suspended. For some sectors, it would be catastrophic. We are not talking about two days or two weeks but about a long periodhe detailed in an interview with the big weekly Der Spiegel.

We are talking here about people who would be unemployed, of regions that would lose entire industrial complexes. »

A quote from Robert Habeck, German Minister of Economy, in the weekly “Der Spiegel”

The risk of a gas shortage next winter has become clearer since the Russian energy giant Gazprom radically reduced its deliveries through the Nord Stream gas pipeline, on which Germany is particularly dependent.

Berlin fears that Russia will completely cut off this supply route.

We are already in a situation where Germany has never been. If Russian gas supplies remain as low as they are now, we are running into gas shortageswarned the Minister and Vice-Chancellor Habeck before adding this: Anyway, it will only be next winter.

Germany is trying to compensate for the drying up by purchasing from other producers and by speeding up the creation of infrastructures to import liquefied natural gas.

In addition, the country will temporarily increase its use of coal. The government also urges the 41 million German households to save energy.

[Si cela ne suffit pas]we will have to make very difficult societal choices. »

A quote from Robert Habeck, German Minister of Economy

In the event of gas rationing, European regulations give priority to households over businesses, but these regulations were designed for short-term, not long-term, delivery disruptionsunderlined the minister.

Deliberate strategysays Berlin

Dependent at 35% on Russian gas imports for its consumption, particularly with regard to the needs of industry, the first European economy accuses Russia of carrying out a deliberate strategy of reducing flows to Europe to destabilize the market. energy.

Since last week, deliveries by the Nord Stream gas pipeline are down 60%, Gazprom arguing a technical problem.

Germany is all the more apprehensive about the regular maintenance that Nord Stream must undergo from July 11, which will stop all flow for about ten days.

According to the scenarios of the Federal Network Agency, the gas shortage would occur as soon as mid-december in the event of a total stoppage of Russian deliveries.

The Kremlin said Thursday that flows will increase again as soon as the missing turbines for the pipeline are delivered.

The EU is also preparing for a difficult winter

Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission

Photo: Associated Press/Geert Vanden Wijngaert

Gathered at a summit in Brussels, the leaders of theEU pledged on Friday to step up efforts to reduce their energy dependence on Moscow.

Member States”,”text”:”We have reviewed all national contingency plans to ensure everyone is prepared for further disruptions and we are working on an energy demand reduction contingency plan with industry and the 27Member States”}}”>We reviewed all national contingency plans to ensure everyone was prepared for further disruptions and we are working on a power demand reduction contingency plan with industry and with all 27 states. membersEuropean Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said after a meeting of EU Heads of State and Government.EUlargely devoted to the energy crisis.

The head of the European executive has specified that she will present this plan in July.

The Twenty-Seven also called on the European institutions (Council and Commission) on Friday to take measures to coordinate more closely national energy policies in the conclusions of the summit. This should concern energy purchases and storage.

Ms von der Leyen recalled the European strategy, presented on 18 May. Endowed with 300 billion euros (more than 408 billion Canadian dollars), it is based on three pillars: energy savings, development of renewable energies and diversification of gas and oil suppliers.

The Twenty-Seven also invited the Commission to study the feasibility of temporary limitations on import tariffs Energy.

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