Home LATEST NEWS In Sudan, the streets fear a return to dictatorship

In Sudan, the streets fear a return to dictatorship

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Sad record since the coup d’état of October 25 fomented by the head of the army, General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhane: 57 demonstrators were killed, according to a union of pro-democracy doctors, female demonstrators were raped, according to the UN, many journalists have been beaten and even arrested, and the Internet and the telephone only work at the will of the government.

And a decree from General Burhane raises fears of more violence: it guarantees the impunity of the security forces and gives them all power under the terms of a emergency law inherited from the era of dictator Omar El-Bashir, deposed in 2019 by the army under pressure from the street.

At the end of November and after a month under house arrest, Mr. Hamdok had returned to his post after an agreement with General Burhane.

Paralyzed and not having nothing could accomplish since, in the words of the researcher at Rift Valley Institute Magdi Gizouli, the Prime Minister threw in the towel on Sunday. And most importantly, made the equation in Sudan clearer.

A woman holds a sign at arm's length in the midst of a crowd of men and women.

In the middle of a crowd of demonstrators gathered Sunday in Khartoum, a woman holds up a sign accusing the military power of assassinations.

Photo: Getty Images / AFP

On the one hand, Mr. Gizouli told AFP, the soldiers alone in command, and on the other, protesters who will still take to the streets and face more violence.

It is an open confrontation between the security forces and the former regime on the one hand – but this time without Bashir – and on the other a movement without a leader in the street which is only due to youth activism.

A quote from Magdi Gizouli, researcher at the Rift Valley Institute

Judged in various trials, Mr. Béchir has been in prison since his isolation. But many figures of his regime are still in power, including General Burhane, who was commander of the army under the dictator.

Protesters want General Burhane’s head

For the street, the return to the popular revolt is recorded. That of 2019 dismissed Bashir, they intend to repeat the feat with General Burhane.

The spearhead of the revolt against Bashir in 2018-2019 and against the military since October 25, the Association of Sudanese professionals, has already called for new demonstrations on Tuesday.

Hamdok’s resignation robs the generals of their facade and makes it clear that the coup is nothing more than a return to Bashir’s military-Islamist policies, asserts on Twitter Kholood Khair, specialist in Sudan for Insight Strategy Partners.

Abdallah Hamdok speaks from behind a lectern, speaking to the media.

Sudanese Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok resigns (on file)

Photo: afp via getty images / –

On October 25, General Burhane extended his tenure by two years, thus erasing any idea of ​​a transfer of power to civilians before the end of the transition which he always promises for July 2023 with elections.

Two months later he cleared with a emergency decree security forces at enter any building, search it and the people in it and to carry out surveillance and seizures.

And that, by informing only the Sovereignty Council, directed by itself, and by overriding justice.

In addition, members of the security services – army, police, intelligence, but also paramilitaries of the Rapid Support Forces (FSR) accused of abuses in Darfur – enjoy immunity and cannot be questioned.

An adviser to General Burhane, Taher Abou Haja, justified provisions normal under current circumstances, claiming that some parties exploit the atmosphere of freedom to create chaos.

But for the opponents, the 57 demonstrators killed and the hundreds injured, as well as the arrests are proof that this text only reinforces the repression in a country which, since its independence, 65 years ago, has known only ‘a handful of years out of the hands of the generals.

The general speaks to reporters.

General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhane, at a press conference in Khartoum, October 26, 2021, the day after the coup.

Photo: afp via getty images / ASHRAF SHAZLY

Abroad, reactions are timid. The United States called the Sudanese leaders to put aside their differences (to) ensure the continuity of civil power, the United Kingdom said to itself very saddened of the departure of Mr. Hamdok and UN envoy Volker Perthes said the to regret, but the respect.

The longer Americans and Europeans wait to show the generals the consequences of their actions, the more they can consolidate their economic and political power at the expense of the Sudanese., warns John Prendergast of the think tank The Sentry.

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