This violence took place near the presidential palace, the former headquarters of dictator Omar El-Bashir, overthrown by the army under the pressure of a popular revolt in 2019 and since then become the seat of the transitional authorities headed by General Abdel. Fattah al-Burhane, author of the October 25 putsch.
That day, Sudan entered the unknown and above all in a spiral of violence which has already left 43 dead and hundreds injured in the repression.
Almost a month later, an agreement was signed on November 21 at the highest level: civilian Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok returned to his post, while the stranglehold of the army and of General Burhane in particular was consecrated, at least until ‘in the elections promised in July 2023.
Since November 22, no demonstrator has been killed, but one of them died on Tuesday of
beatings on the head by the security forces, according to a union of pro-democracy doctors.
Many civil society organizations, ministers ousted by the putsch and numerous demonstrators continue to denounce the agreement of November 21, seen by the international community as a first step towards a return to democracy.
The army accused of reproducing the old regime
Again Tuesday in Khartoum, thousands of demonstrators chanted
no partnership, no negotiation Where
that the soldiers return to their barracks.
I demonstrate to demand the fall of military power, explained to theAFP Mohamed Alaeddine parading in Khartoum.
For the Association of Sudanese Professionals (APS), one of the spearheads of the 2019 revolt, the new demonstration on Tuesday is
a clear response to the insane gesture of the putschists.
traitor by the street, from
reproduce the old regime and its corruption, while Sudan emerged two years ago from 30 years of military-Islamist dictatorship of General Bashir.
Since the putsch, observers assure us, the purges carried out at a run rate have allowed the army to reinstall figures of the Bashir regime.
Mr. Hamdok has said he wants to reconsider all these appointments, but recent changes in the security apparatus seem to show that the army retains control over the appointments.
Abuses and prison
On the day of the coup, soldiers rounded up almost all of the civilians who shared power with General Burhane and his deputy, General Mohammed Hamdane Daglo, at the head of the dreaded Rapid Support Forces accused of serious abuses.
Thirty-five days later, they continue to reappear in small quantities, as the international community makes the release of all political detainees a condition sine qua non to the resumption of its support for Khartoum.
Beyond the political figures, hundreds of activists and even passers-by across Sudan have been taken into custody and their families remain without news.
For his part, Mr. Hamdok says he is in contact with civil society and even academics to compose a new government that General Burhane has promised.
The two men also pledged on November 21 to form a Parliament, a Supreme Court and committees responsible for human rights, all institutions that should have been created months ago.
But long before the putsch, the transition to democracy in Sudan – almost always under the rule of the army since its independence in 1956 – was faltering.
In one of the poorest countries in the world, where inflation fluctuates between 300% and 400% each month, the new power will have to reassure Washington and the World Bank, which cut off their aid after October 25.