These documents are published against the backdrop of growing Russo-Western tensions around Ukraine, a country neighboring Russia. Americans and Europeans accuse Moscow of preparing a military offensive there.
The two texts presented on Friday and called
treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation on security guarantees and
agreement on measures to ensure the security of the Russian Federation and member states of the’ NATO, plan to ban any expansion of the Alliance and the establishment of US military bases in the countries of the former Soviet space.
It is unusual for diplomats to publicly present this type of working paper, as discretion generally allows for the necessary latitude to negotiators.
” It is essential that security guarantees for Russia are written down and have the force of law. “
Mr. Riabkov made this statement by presenting to the press these texts which had been given this week to a senior official of American diplomacy.
He also proposed the opening of negotiations as soon as
Saturday, December 18, wishing they would take place in Geneva.
The two documents consist of nine and eight articles, respectively, and each last four pages.
According to Mr. Riabkov, they must restore Russian-Western cooperation in
complete lack of trust mutual and taking into account the policy
agressive of the’ NATO
in the vicinity of Russia.
The manager judged it to be
relaunch the relationship from a blank page.
President Vladimir Putin had already called for negotiations on Tuesday
immediate on the guarantees to be given to Russia for its security.
In a videoconference interview in early December, he also asked his American counterpart Joe Biden for such legal guarantees.
The treaty proposals would prohibit the United States from establishing military bases in any former country.
use their infrastructure for any military activity or develop bilateral military cooperation there.
All members of the Atlantic Alliance would pledge never to expand the
military activity on the territory of Ukraine and in other countries of Eastern Europe, South Caucasus and Central Asia.
Enlargement to include former Soviet countries is a red line for Russia, and Ukraine and Georgia are candidates for entry into theNATO.
Moscow annexed Ukrainian Crimea and is widely seen as the godfather of pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine, where civil conflict has claimed some 13,000 lives since 2014. Russia also defeated Georgia in a short war in 2008.
The West refused to close the door to theNATO to these two countries, but they also de facto froze the accession process.
The Russian-American treaty proposal also says that the signatories undertake not to conduct or support any
activities affecting the safety of the other party.
not create the conditions or situations that could constitute a threat or be perceived as such.
Washington, theNATO and the European Union accuse Moscow of having massed tens of thousands of soldiers on the borders of Ukraine in recent weeks in preparation for a possible invasion.
The West is threatening Russia with unprecedented sanctions in the event of aggression, but seem to exclude any military intervention.
For its part, the Kremlin rejects these accusations and says instead that Russia is under threat from theNATO which arms Kiev and increases its military presence in the Black Sea region.
The Kremlin holds the West responsible for the breakdown of confidence between the two camps, the Alliance having been enlarged to countries of Eastern Europe and formerUSSR in the 1990s, Moscow arguing that it violates promises made after the fall of the Soviet Union.
No talks without our allies, says Washington
There will be no discussions on European security without our European allies and partners, warned the spokesperson for the White House on Friday.
Jen Psaki indicated that the US executive had
seen the proposals unveiled by Moscow.
We have been successful for decades in negotiating with Russia on security issues […]. There is no reason that we cannot continue on this path, but we will do so in partnership and coordination with our allies and European partners., she insisted on board the plane that was taking President Joe Biden for a short visit to South Carolina (southeast).
” We will not compromise on the founding principles of European security, in particular on the fact that all countries have the right to decide their own future and their foreign policy without being subject to external influence. “
The United States have been insisting heavily for weeks on their desire to act in close consultation with the Europeans, without limiting themselves to a face-to-face meeting between Moscow and Washington.