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Nuclear: Westerners concerned about Iran’s “backtracking” | Iran: a new president and a new agreement

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Tehran goes back on almost all of the compromises that had been difficult to find during the first round of negotiations between April and June, deplored senior diplomats from France, Germany and the United Kingdom (E3), denouncing a reverse.

Delegations return to their respective capitals this weekend and talks will resume mid-next week to see if these discrepancies can be overcome or not, if this gap can be filled in realistic time.

Despite these harsh comments, European diplomats say to themselves fully engaged in the search for a diplomatic solution. Hurry up, they insist.

The stakes are high: it is to save the international agreement of 2015 supposed to prevent the Islamic Republic from acquiring the atomic bomb.

Concluded between Iran and six great powers (United States, Russia, China, France, Germany, United Kingdom), the Iranian nuclear agreement broke up following the unilateral withdrawal of the United States in 2018 and the reinstatement of sanctions.

In response, Tehran has freed itself from most of the limits it had imposed on its nuclear program.

The Vienna negotiations aim to bring Washington back into the fold, which participates in the discussions indirectly. The day before, the United States had already issued a strong warning to Tehran.

What Iran cannot do is maintain the status quo of expanding its nuclear program while dragging its feet at the negotiating table, hammered the head of American diplomacy Antony Blinken, urged by Israel to end the talks immediately.

It’s not going to be possible, he warned.

The various parties parted ways in June with the hope of an imminent conclusion, but the coming to power in Iran of ultra-conservative President Ebrahim Raïssi was a game-changer.

The 2015 agreement, known by its acronym JCPOA, offered Tehran the lifting of part of the sanctions stifling its economy in exchange for a drastic reduction in its nuclear program, placed under strict control of the United Nations. (UN).

Iran’s chief negotiator Ali Bagheri on Thursday said he had made two proposals, one on the lifting of sanctions and the other concerning nuclear activities.

Now the other side must review these documents and prepare to negotiate with Iran on the basis of the submitted texts., he insisted.

Iranian foreign minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian for his part qualified the negotiation process of good, but overall slow, during a telephone interview with his European counterpart Josep Borrell.

We believe that a good deal is possible, but it requires a change in the approach of some parties who must abandon their threatening remarks, he said.

According to one of the European diplomats, these proposals cannot provide a basis for negotiation, it is not possible to move forward on that ground.

In front of the Cobourg Palace, where this historic text was concluded, the Chinese ambassador wanted to be less pessimistic, evoking substantial discussions.

All parties agreed to take a short break to take instructions. It is natural and necessary, and we hope that this will give new impetus to the negotiations.Wang Qun told reporters.

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