Home WORLD AFRICA Social unrest in Libya amid political chaos

Social unrest in Libya amid political chaos

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In Tobruk, in the far east of the country, demonstrators armed with a bulldozer forced the entrance to parliament on Friday before setting it on fire, protesting against the deterioration of living conditions and the carelessness of their leaders .

From the cradle of the 2011 uprising in Benghazi (east) to the capital Tripoli (west), via the eastern cities of Tobruk and Al-Baïda, thousands of people pounded the pavement Friday evening across the country.

We want to have lightchanted the demonstrators, in reference to the power cuts which lasted a dozen hours every day, even 18 on hot days.

A fire breaks out in the Libyan parliament building after protests against the failed government in Tobruk.

Photo: Reuters

Demonstrations in Tripoli

The capital was also the scene of demonstrations on Friday with hundreds of people demanding the renewal of the political class, the holding of elections and an end to power cuts.

This sudden conflagration is spreading all over the country, according to images broadcast by the media. In Sebha, in the south, protesters set fire to an official building.

UN“,”text”:”For more than a year, the overwhelming majority of diplomacy and mediation efforts regarding Libya have been monopolized by the notion of elections, which will not take place for at least two years, given the failure of the Geneva negotiations on Thursday under the auspices of the UN”}}”>For more than a year, the overwhelming majority of diplomatic and mediation efforts concerning Libya have been monopolized by the notion of elections, which will not take place for at least two years, given the failure of the negotiations of Geneva on Thursday under the auspices of theUNexplained to theAFP analyst Jalel Harchaoui, specialist in Libya.

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However, the economy probably should have been everyone’s top prioritysays the researcher.2022 has been extremely difficult for Libyans, for several reasons: Libya imports almost all its food and the war in Ukraine has affected consumer prices, as in many countries in the region.”,”text”:”On this front, the year 2022 has been extremely difficult for the Libyans, for several reasons: Libya imports almost all its food and the war in Ukraine has affected consumer prices, as in many countries in the region.”}}”>On this front, the year 2022 has been extremely difficult for Libyans, for several reasons: Libya imports almost all its food and the war in Ukraine has affected consumer prices, as in many countries in the region.

The key energy sector, which in the time of former leader Muammar Gaddafi, killed during the 2011 revolt, made it possible to finance a welfare state, has been a collateral victim of political divisions since mid-April, with a wave of closures forced from oil sites, the result of a showdown between two rival governments.

One is based in Tripoli and led by Abdelhamid Dbeibah since 2021, the other is led by Fathi Bachagha and supported by the Parliament of Tobruk and Marshal Khalifa Haftar, the strongman of the east. By closing the oil floodgates, supporters of the eastern camp are demanding the transfer of power to Mr. Bachagha.

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The national oil company (NOC) announced Thursday losses of more than 3.5 billion dollars and a drop in the production of gas, however necessary for the supply of the electricity network.

On Friday, demonstrators gathered in Martyrs Square in Tripoli to demand elections and protest against the government and parliament.

Photo: Associated Press/Yousef Murad

Gaddafi’s shadow

On Friday, many demonstrators waved the green flag of the former Gaddafi regime, as if they regretted it.

Indeed, since his death, Libya has been struggling to complete its transition, at the expense of a bloodless population deprived of the country’s immense energy resources.

In 11 years, it has known a dozen governments and two civil wars, and it has never managed to organize a presidential election.

In addition to power cuts, Libyans live to the rhythm of cash and gasoline shortages. The infrastructures are flat, and the services are failing.

In both east and west, militias lead immense traffics which cause serious shortages of gasoline for the ordinary population. Finally, systematic kleptocracy and corruption reign in the east as well as in the west, which the beautiful cars and villas of the elites constantly remind the general public.emphasizes Mr. Harchaoui.

Stephanie Williams, emissary of theUN in Libya, which is sponsoring an ever-boggling political process, described asunacceptable the vandalism to which parliament has been subjected and has called on all parties to detention.

For the Ambassador of the European Union in Libya, José Sabadell, the demonstrations confirm that people want change through elections, and their voice must be heard.

But protests must be peaceful and avoid any form of violencehe wrote on Twitter.

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