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Sweden and Finland: the NATO integration process is launched | War in Ukraine

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The signing of the accession protocols by the ambassadors of the thirty member countries opened on Tuesday at the headquarters of theNATOthe ratification process. I count on the allies for a rapid ratificationlaunched Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General of the Alliance, opting nevertheless for caution.

month”,”text”:”Last time [pour la Macédoine du Nord]it took 12 months”}}”>The last time [pour la Macédoine du Nord]it took 12 monthshe recalled during a press conference with the Foreign Ministers of Sweden and Finland, Ann Linde and Pekka Haavisto.

Many allies have prepared for ratification as soon as possible, but it will take several months. »

A quote from Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General of the Alliance

It all depends on Ankara

Estonia will begin ratification on Wednesday, Prime Minister Kaja Kallas announced. But everything will depend on Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan agreed to the launch of the procedure at the Madrid summit, but reminded the two candidates of the commitments made.

If they [la Finlande et la Suède] fulfill their duty, we will submit the accession protocol to the Turkish Parliament for adoption, but if they do not, it is out of the question for us to send it to Parliament. »

A quote from Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Turkey

Mr Erdogan mentioned a promise made by Sweden concerning the extradition ofterrorists”,”text”:”73terrorists”}}”>73 terrorists. Ankara has been calling for several years in Stockholm for the extradition of Kurdish activists and people close to the movement founded by the preacher Fethullah Gülen, accused by the Turkish authorities of having fomented the coup attempt of July 2016.

Swedish Foreign Minister Ann Linde on Tuesday denied any promises made to Turkey. In Madrid we did not talk about figures or a list of extradition requests and we did not receive a list from Turkeyshe said.

NATO started the process of integrating Sweden and Finland. The Alliance will have a united line of defense against Russia, from the Arctic to the Mediterranean, but the project depends on Turkey’s goodwill. The explanations of Valerie-Micaela Bain.

Ms. Linde and her Finnish counterpart also insisted on the willingness of their governments to comply with the judicial procedures of their countries for the processing of extradition requests.

Jens Stoltenberg sought to calm the game in the face of increasingly pressing questions about the commitments made in Madrid.

The signing of the Accession Protocols is a historic day for Euro-Atlantic security, as Russia’s brutal invasion of Ukraine has challenged peace in Europe. It is important that we stand together in these dangerous times. »

A quote from Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General of the Alliance

The two Nordic countries have confirmed that they have renounced their neutrality and decided to join theNATO because of the deterioration of the security situation in Europe caused by Russia.degrees, from the Arctic to the South”,”text”:”Our collective security demands a 360 degree approach, from the Arctic to the South”}}”>Our collective security requires a 360-degree approach, from the Arctic to the Southpleaded the Finn Pekka Haavisto.

Reinforcement

In Madrid, theNATO reinforced its defense lines on its eastern flank, from the Baltic States to Bulgaria, as well as its naval and air presence in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. The accessions of Sweden and Finland will bring considerable forces to strengthen this mechanism in the Baltic.

The Russian PresidentNATO. We show him that it remains open with the accessions of Sweden and Finland”,”text”:”Vladimir Putin tried to close the door of NATO. We demonstrate to him that it remains open with the accessions of Sweden and Finland”}}”>Vladimir Putin tried to close the door of theNATO. We demonstrate to him that it remains open with the accessions of Sweden and Finlandsaid Jens Stoltenberg.

Jens Stoltenberg gesticulates and speaks behind a lectern.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

Photo: Reuters/VIOLETA SANTOS MOURA

Three other partner countries have wished to join the Alliance in recent years: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia and Ukraine. In March, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky however declared himself ready to give up this candidacy.

The signing of the accession protocols grants the status of guest country to the two Nordics. But they will not benefit from the protection of article 5 of the Charter of theNATO in the event of an attack, as long as the 30 member countries have not ratified their membership.

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