UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has ruled that
military coups were unacceptable, calling on the military in West Africa to
defend their country, not attack their governments.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has
the military coup, considering that the resignation of Mr. Kaboré had been
obtained under the threat, intimidation and pressure of the military after two days of mutiny.
French President Emmanuel Macron has also
I was told that he was not threatened in his physical integrity, added Mr. Macron, about Roch Kaboré, whose whereabouts were still unknown on Tuesday.
Other chancelleries joined the chorus of condemnations and demanded the release of Mr. Kaboré, such as the United Kingdom or South Africa, which called for
dialogue and the return of democracy.
The regional organization G5 Sahel which fights against terrorism (Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso and Chad), whose presidency is currently held by N’Djamena, for its part condemned
vigorously this attempt to interrupt the constitutional order in Burkina Faso.
Power has been there since Monday afternoon in the hands of the Patriotic Movement for Safeguarding and Restoration (MPSR) and its strongman, Lieutenant-Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba, commander of the 3rd military region which notably covers the eastern zone. , one of the most affected by jihadist attacks.
At the head of Burkina Faso since 2015, President Kaboré, re-elected in 2020 on the promise to make the fight against jihadist his priority, was increasingly challenged by a population exasperated by jihadist violence and his powerlessness to deal with it.
On Tuesday morning, hundreds of demonstrators descended on Place de la Nation, in the heart of Ouagadougou, to support the military.
We had asked on several occasions for the departure of President Kaboré, who did not hear this call. The army heard us and understood us, rejoiced Lassane Ouedraogo, a 43-year-old protester and civil society activist.
For us it is not a coup. It’s a liberation of our country which was ruled by incompetents, adds Julienne Traoré, a 30-year-old teacher.
Some demonstrators waved Malian and Russian flags, calling for cooperation with Moscow, as the military regime in Bamako has done for several months.
Putin aide hails coup
Russian businessman Evgueni Prigojine, reputed to be close to Russian President Vladimir Putin and suspected of being linked to the opaque paramilitary group Wagner, hailed the putsch in Burkina Faso on Tuesday as a sign of a
new era of decolonization in Africa.
Alexander Ivanov, known to be one of the representatives of
instructors Russians in the Central African Republic also praised the putschists of Ouagadougou on Twitter, believing that France had not obtained
no success in the fight against terrorism in the region.
Apart from the demonstration in the center of Ouagadougou, life seemed to have resumed its normal course on Tuesday: the large market, shops or gas stations were open, with no notable military presence, noted an AFP journalist.
The junta also announced Tuesday noon the reopening of air borders, closed since midnight. Land borders reopen for vehicles only
transporting basic necessities as well as
equipment intended for the defense and security forces, says a press release read on national television.
The MPSR instituted a curfew from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. local time, dissolved the Assembly and suspended the Constitution, but promised
a reasonable time for a
timetable for a return to a constitutional order accepted by all.
Bringing peace to Burkina Faso will not be an easy task for the MPSR, as the country has sunk in recent years into an infernal spiral of jihadist violence.
Most of its territory, especially the east and north, is the scene of almost daily attacks by groups affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State armed group.
The army, often overwhelmed and targeted, is unable to stem this deadly violence which has killed more than 2,000 people and forced at least 1.5 million people to flee their homes.