Home WORLD AFRICA Tunisian President Saïed on the way to the victory of his draft...

Tunisian President Saïed on the way to the victory of his draft Constitution

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At the end of the afternoon on Tuesday, the counting operations were still in progress; the first official results are expected in the evening.

According to the independent polling institute Sigma Conseil, the yes would win with 92.3% of the vote.

The opposition National Salvation Front (FSN) coalition, which had called for a boycott of the poll, accused the Isie electoral authority on Tuesday of having amplified and falsified the figures on the attendance at the ballot, announcing Monday evening the participation of nearly 28% of the electorate.

From Monday evening, the DSFwhich includes the Islamist-inspired movement Ennahda, Mr. Saïed’s pet peeve, had advanced the figure of% of Tunisians who refused to give their approval to the putschist plan launched a year ago by Kaïs Saïed”,”text”:”75% of Tunisians who refused to give their approval to the putschist plan launched a year ago by Kaïs Saïed “}}”>75% of Tunisians refused to give their approval to the putschist project launched a year ago by Kaïs Saïed.

Question of legitimacy

Said Benarbia of the NGO International Commission of Jurists also criticized the legitimacy of the vote with such low mobilization.

Any resulting Constitution does not reflect the vision of the majority of Tunisians and is deprived of democratic legitimacy and national ownership.he said.

Tunisia, facing an economic crisis aggravated by COVID-19 and the war in Ukraine on which it depends for its wheat imports, has been very divided since Mr. Saïed, democratically elected in 2019, seized all the powers on July 25, 2021, arguing that the country is ungovernable.

For analyst Youssef Cherif, most people voted for the man [Kaïs Saïed] or against its opponents, not for its text.

This is the case of Noureddine al-Rezgui, a bailiff who works in Tunis:years of disappointment and total bankruptcy in the management of the state and the economy, Tunisians want to get rid of the old system and mark a new turning point”,”text”:”After 10 years of disappointment and total bankruptcy in the management of the state and the economy, Tunisians want to get rid of the old system and mark a new turning point”}}”>After 10 years of disappointments and total bankruptcy in the management of the state and the economy, Tunisians want to get rid of the old system and mark a new turning point.

For him, the fact that the level of participation is not great, it’s normal and like in the rest of the world, for example in the last legislative elections in France.

The expert Abdellatif Hannachi also relativizes the low attendance, judging it quite respectable given the fact that the polls are held in the summer, during the holidays and in the heat.

As soon as Sigma Conseil’s estimates were published on Monday evening, hundreds of the president’s supporters descended to celebrate his victory on Bourguiba Avenue, in the center of Tunis.

Concentration of powers

Around 1 a.m., Kaïs Saïed appeared in front of the jubilant crowd. Tunisia has entered a new phasehe said, assuring that the Constitution would make it possible to pass from a situation of despair to a situation of hope.

Voters were mostly the most disadvantaged middle classes, adults who feel cheated economically, politically and sociallyanalyzed the director of Sigma Conseil, Hassen Zargouni.

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The new Constitution grants broad prerogatives to the Head of State, breaking with the parliamentary system in place since 2014.

The president, who cannot be dismissed, appoints the head of government and the ministers and can dismiss them as he pleases.

He may submit to Parliament legislative texts which have priority. A second chamber will represent the regions, as a counterweight to the current Assembly of Representatives (deputies).

Sadok Belaïd, the jurist appointed by Mr. Saïed to draw up a draft Constitution, disavowed the final text, believing that it could pave the way for a dictatorial regime.

People raising their arms.

Supporters of Kaïs Saïed gathered on Bourguiba Avenue, in the heart of the capital, sounding their horns or waving the Tunisian flag.

Photo: Getty Images / AFP / SOFIENE HAMDAOUI

Defenders of human rights and the opposition denounce the absence of checks and balances and safeguards in this text.

Kaïs Saïed, 64, considers this overhaul as an extension of the heading correction initiated on July 25, 2021 when, citing political and economic blockages, he dismissed his Prime Minister and froze Parliament before dissolving it in March.

If spaces of freedom remain guaranteed, the question of a return to a dictatorship like that of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, who was ousted in 2011 during a popular revolt, could arise. in the post-Kaïs Saïed periodaccording to Mr. Cherif.

For many experts, Mr. Saïed’s political future will depend on his ability to revive an economy in a catastrophic situation with very high unemployment, plummeting purchasing power and an increasing number of poor people.

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