I am delighted to announce that we have an agreement which paves the way for Finland and Sweden to join NATO. and who answers
to Turkey’s concerns about arms exports and the fight against terrorismNATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told reporters.
The members of NATO will therefore be able
invite officially on Wednesday the two Nordic countries to join the Alliance, he added.
In a statement released by the White House, US President Joe Biden said
congratulated Turkey, Finland and Sweden for signing this agreement.
The integration of Finland and Sweden will
strengthen NATO’s collective security and will benefit the entire transatlantic AllianceMr. Biden wrote.
As we begin this historic summit in Madrid, our Alliance is stronger, more united and more determined than ever.he continued.
The formal entry of the two countries, which must be ratified by the parliaments of the 30 member states of the Alliance, is a long process that takes months.
After several bursts of negotiations in recent weeks, the strong man of Ankara had met for several hours, upon his arrival in Madrid, with his Finnish counterpart Sauli Niinistö and Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson, before the formal signing of a agreement which Mr. Stoltenberg then reported to the press.
Turkey was blocking Sweden and Finland from joining because it accused them of harboring militants from the Kurdish organization PKK, which it considers
She also denounced the presence in these countries of supporters of the preacher Fethullah Gülen, suspected of having orchestrated an attempted coup in Turkey in July 2016.
She also demanded the lifting of the arms export blockades decided against her by Stockholm after the Turkish military intervention in northern Syria in October 2019.
Agreement on the issue of terrorism
According to Mr. Stoltenberg, as part of this agreement, the two Nordic countries have committed to
strengthen their cooperation in the fight against terrorism with Ankara and to agree on
extraditions members of Kurdish organizations that Turkey considers to be
Turkey got what it wantedthat is to say the
full cooperation Nordic countries against the PKK and its allies, the Turkish presidency said in its statement.
In an interview with AFP, Magdalena Andersson hailed a
very important step for NATObecause the two Nordic countries, which have decided to abandon their neutrality since the Russian invasion of Ukraine,
will be providers of security within of the Alliance.
This green light from Ankara to enter the two countries was immediately welcomed by a senior White House official, according to whom it gives a
powerful momentum to Western unity in this troubled period of war in Ukraine.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, for his part, considered that the accession of the two countries would make the Alliance
stronger and safer.
Washington claimed that Turkey did not
special request for concessions to the Americans to lift its opposition to the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO.
Mr. Erdogan is due to meet Joe Biden on the sidelines of the summit on Wednesday.
Before leaving for Madrid, the Turkish president stressed that the
most important topic between Ankara and Washington was
that of the F-16in reference to the fighter jets ordered and partially paid for by Ankara, but whose delivery contract was suspended by Washington after Turkey acquired a Russian S-400 defense system.
The last meeting between MM. Biden and Erdogan, after months of falling out between Ankara and Washington, go back to last October in Rome, on the sidelines of the G20, the summit of the 20 most industrialized countries.