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Ukraine and Russia will sign an agreement on grain export | War in Ukraine

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Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and United Nations Secretary General (UN), Antonio Guterres, as well as representatives of Russia and Ukraine will participate in the signing ceremony which will take place in the late afternoon local time at the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul, the presidency added.

The agreement should allow an exit by the Black Sea of ​​Ukrainian cereals blocked by the war and an easing of the obstacles to the export of grain and Russian fertilizers.

A deal is possible in the next few daysTurkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Thursday morning.

We have hope for cereals. We hope to give good news in the next few dayshe had said, thinking to himself optimisticduring an interview with the public television channel TRT.

See you in Istanbul

In New York, the deputy spokesman for the UN, Farhan Haq, announced that Antonio Guterres and his two negotiators, who have been at work for more than two months, were expected imminently in Istanbul.

The Secretary General will visit this [jeudi] evening in Istanbul, Turkey, as part of its efforts to ensure full global access to Ukrainian food products and Russian food and fertilizershe said.

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The leader of theUN is spending holidays near Turkey and had recently indicated that he was ready to cut them short for a signing in Istanbul.

According to diplomats speaking on condition of anonymity, an agreement was originally supposed to have been signed on Wednesday, then it was postponed until Thursday before now due to happen on Friday.

Besides the bossUNMartin Griffiths, its Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs, who handled the negotiation on the exit of Ukrainian cereals through the Black Sea, and Rebeca Grynspan, head of the UN agency UNCTAD on trade and development, will also be in Istanbul, said Farhan Haq.

Rebeca Grynspan, who recently visited Moscow, was tasked with negotiating the easing of restrictions indirectly affecting the export of Russian cereals and fertilizers following international sanctions imposed on Moscow by, among others, the United States. States and the European Union.

A shell crater in a Ukrainian field.

Fighting between Russia and Ukraine has often damaged fields in the Ukrainian countryside.

Photo: Reuters/Valentyn Ogirenko

American Warranties

According to a diplomat who asks not to be identified, Washington recently promised so-called guarantees of comfort so that shipping companies can supply Russia with large tonnage vessels for the export of its grain and fertilizers without being worried about sanctions.

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Moscow has claimed that these sanctions only allow it to use small vessels with insufficient capacity for its exports.

Even though the products [agricoles] Russians are not affected by the sanctions, there are blockages concerning maritime transport, insurance and the banking system. The United States and the European Union have made promises to lift themunderlined the Turkish minister.

As for Ukrainian cereals, the agreement under negotiation aims to re-use the Black Sea via secure corridors and localized ceasefires in passage areas.

An inspection of commercial ships, presumably by Turkey, is planned to ensure that ships going to Odessa to collect grain do not contain weapons.

The creation of a coordination center is planned in Istanbul with the participation of UN experts specialized in maritime navigation, according to diplomats.

The expected agreement between Ukraine and Russia should have the rapid effect of lowering prices, which have seen very strong growth in recent months.

The resulting food crisis threatens several countries in the world with the risk of famine, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, but also in Lebanon and Egypt.

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