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Ukraine: more than five million refugees since the Russian invasion | War in Ukraine


According to High Commissioner for Refugees5,034,439 Ukrainians have left their country since the beginning of the Russian invasion, 53,850 more than the figure published on Tuesday.

After eight weeks of conflict, we are at five million, and counting, five million singular stories of loss and trauma. »

A quote from Kelly Clements, the agency’s Deputy High CommissionerUnited Nations for refugees

The International Organization for Migration (IOM), also attached to theUnited Nationssaid that more than 218,000 non-Ukrainians, mainly students and migrant workers, also left Ukraine for neighboring countries, which means that more than 5.25 million people in total fled Ukraine since the start of the war.

Women and children represent 90% of these refugees, men aged 18 to 60 being likely to be mobilized and not having the right to leave.

Almost two-thirds of Ukrainian children have had to flee their homes, including those still in the country.

Meanwhile, nearly 7.1 million people have left their homes but are still in Ukraine, according to theInternational Organization for Migration.

Prior to the Russian invasion, Ukraine had a population of 37 million people in areas under its government’s control. This figure excludes Crimea (south) annexed in 2014 by Russia, and the eastern regions controlled by pro-Russian separatists.

Nearly six out of 10 Ukrainian refugees (2,825,463) are in Poland, which hosts by far the largest number, although some of them then move on to other European countries.

At the same time, just under 740,000 people crossed the Polish border into Ukraine, according to Polish border guards.

Ukrainian refugees walk on the platform of a train station in Poland.

Ukrainian refugees walk on the platform as they arrive by train from Odessa at Przemysl station in southeastern Poland.

Photo: Getty Images / WOJTEK RADWANSKI

Before the war, about 1.5 million Ukrainians lived in Poland, mostly migrant workers.

A total of 757,047 Ukrainians left their country to enter Romania, many of whom arrived via Moldova, landlocked between Romania and Ukraine.

Most continued their journey to other countries.

The number of refugees in Russia stood at 549,805 on Tuesday, as of April 19.

the High Commissioner for Refugees also notes that between February 18 and 23, 105,000 people crossed from the pro-Russian separatist territories of Donetsk and Lugansk (eastern Ukraine) to Russia.

A total of 471,080 Ukrainians entered Hungary.

The Moldovan border is closest to the major Ukrainian port of Odessa.

According to High Commissioner for Refugees, 426,964 Ukrainians entered Moldova, a former Soviet republic and a small country of 2.6 million among the poorest in Europe on Tuesday. Most of these refugees continued their journey to other countries.

A total of 342,813 refugees have arrived from Ukraine in Slovakia since the start of the war, according to figures from the High Commissioner for Refugees dated April 19.

As of Tuesday, 23,759 Ukrainians had taken refuge in Belarus, a close ally of Russia.

the High Commissioner for Refugees specifies that for the countries bordering Ukraine which are part of the Schengen area (Hungary, Poland, Slovakia), the figures presented by the High Commission count those who have crossed the border and entered the country. the High Commissioner for Refugees valued that a large number of people have continued on their way to other countries.

In addition, the organization indicates that it does not count people from neighboring countries who leave Ukraine to return home.

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