The Ukrainian government expects the first shipments to be able to leave
from this week the Black Sea ports where they had been blocked since the start of the Russian invasion on February 24, against the backdrop of soaring food prices around the world.
Again in application of the agreements signed for four months on July 22 in Istanbul, the Joint Coordination Center (CCC) in charge of controlling the transport via the Black Sea of Ukrainian grain was officially inaugurated the same day in this Turkish metropolis.
Another consequence of the Russian offensive, the Nord Stream 1 gas pipeline between Russia and Germany is now only in service, as planned, at around a fifth of its capacity, increasing the risk of shortages this winter. in Europe.
” The ports of Odessa, Chornomorsk and Yuzhny [Pivdenny, NDLR] went back to work […] The exit and entry of ships to seaports will be done by forming a convoy that will accompany the lead ship, she said. »
kyiv and Moscow reached an agreement in Istanbul, via mediation by Turkey and under the aegis of theUNto allow the delivery abroad of some 25 million tonnes of grain stuck in Ukrainian ports.
However, Ukrainian officials have repeatedly said they do not trust Moscow to ensure the security of convoys and recall the Russian missile fire on Saturday at the port of Odessa.
The Kremlin for its part declared that it did not see any obstacles to the resumption of exports, also hampered by the presence of sea mines laid by Ukrainian forces to guard against a Russian amphibious assault.
Demining will only take place
in the corridor necessary for exportsstressed the government in kyiv.
A strategic bridge
Located in the suburbs of Kherson, the Antonovski bridge, key for supplies, because it is the only one to connect this city to the south bank of the Dnieper, was partially disabled on Wednesday by a Ukrainian attack.
Those who fired on the bridge just made life a little harder for the populationnevertheless relativized Kirill Stremoussov, a senior representative of the Russian occupation authorities.
This will have no influence on the outcome of the fightshe added, without specifying the extent of the damage.
Occupants must learn to swim to cross the Dnieper. Or leave Kherson while they cantweeted Mikhaïlo Podoliak, an adviser to the Ukrainian presidency.
This city is located just a few kilometers from the southern front, where Ukrainian forces have launched a counter-offensive in order to regain these territories lost in the very first days of the Russian assault on Ukraine.
Essential for Ukrainian agriculture, the region is also strategic, as it borders the Crimean peninsula, annexed by Moscow in 2014.
In eastern Ukraine, the Donbass has also been the scene of intense fighting.
Shooting in Bakhmout
Journalists from theAFPin Bakhmout, one of the last major localities in this mining area to remain under Ukrainian control, heard sporadic artillery fire and saw a house hit by a Russian shell.
I was in the barn and I was about to go out. I heard a hiss. And I don’t remember anything. It exploded and I was thrown into the barn by the breath, told to theAFP Roman, 51 years old.
In the context of the energy standoff between Moscow and the West since the start of the conflict, the arrival of gas from Russia in Germany since 9 a.m. (local time) on Wednesday was some 14.4 gigawatt hours (GWh), against nearly 29 GWh on average in recent days, lamented the German operator Gascade, which manages the network on German territory.
The supply of Germany – particularly dependent on Russian gas –, but also of other European countries via this pipe installed at the bottom of the Baltic Sea, had already been reduced to 40% of normal in mid-June, before a stop complete for annual maintenance between July 11 and 21.
The Italian group ENI has also announced that it has been informed by the Russian giant Gazprom that deliveries will be limited to 27 million cubic meters on Wednesday, against 34 million.
the last days.
On Monday, Gazprom said it would further halve its daily deliveries via Nord Stream, citing a maintenance operation on a turbine.
A Kremlin spokesman said on Tuesday that the reduction in speed was due to Western sanctions against Russia.
But Europeans accuse Moscow of using gas as an economic and political weapon.
In an attempt to avoid shortages this winter, the 27 states of theEU
everything possible to reduce, between August 2022 and March 2023, its gas consumption by at least 15% compared to the average of the last five years over the same period.