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US Congress passes law to limit gun violence


After the Senate on Thursday, the House of Representatives approved a package of measures that introduces new gun limitations and spends billions on mental health and school safety.

This parliamentary initiative was launched after the massacre of Uvalde, which left 21 dead, including 19 children, in an elementary school in Texas at the end of May and that of Buffalo, in the State of New York, during which 10 black people were killed in a supermarket in mid-May.

The text highlights in particular the support for laws, State by State, which would allow the weapons they possess to be removed from the hands of people deemed dangerous.

He also wants to strengthen criminal and psychological background checks for gun buyers between the ages of 18 and 21 and introduce better control of the illegal sale of guns. It also provides funding for mental health programs.

Far from what Joe Biden wanted

However, the proposed measures fall far short of what President Biden wanted, including a ban on assault rifles.

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After a series of deadly shootings, the text is still a first for decades.

In a deeply divided America, an agreement in Congress between elected Democrats and Republicans is indeed rare, especially on this very divisive subject.

Among the elected Republicans in the House, 14 exceeded the instructions of their leader Kevin McCarthy to vote in favor of the bill.

This vote took place the day after the invalidation by the Supreme Court – of which the majority of judges are conservative – of the restrictions the carrying of weapons provided for since 1913 by a law of the State of New York.

The right to bear arms

This long-awaited ruling clearly affirmed for the first time that Americans have the right to carry guns outside their homes.

On Thursday, in reaction to the passage of the law on violence by firearms, the Democratic leader of the majority in the Senate, t Chuck Schumer, was pleased that the Upper House had did something many thought impossible just a few weeks ago: we passed the first landmark gun safety law in 30 years.

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His Republican counterpart Mitch McConnell said he believed the law would make the United States safer. without our country being less free.

As soon as the text is unveiled, the National Rifle Association of America (NRA), the powerful arms lobby, had expressed its opposition to the text, judging on the contrary that it could be used to restrict purchases of legal weapons.

The project leaves too much leeway to state officials and also contains undefined and overbroad provisions that invite interference with our constitutional freedomsshe said in a statement.

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