The decision, taken by a majority of six to three, enshrines the right of Americans to leave their homes armed, just weeks after a series of mass killings, including those in Uvalde and Buffalo.
” The 2nd and 14th Amendments to the Constitution protect an individual’s right to carry a handgun for self-defense outside of their home. »
The Court acts
without considering the potentially deadly consequences of his decisionregretted his progressive colleague Stephen Breyer in a separate argument, recalling that2020, 45222Americans have been killed by firearms”,”text”:”in 2020, 45,222Americans have been killed by firearms”}}”>in 2020, 45,222 Americans were killed by firearms.
New York law, which dates back to 1913, limited the issuance of concealed-carry permits to people who had reason to believe they might have to defend themselves.
The ruling by the highest US court will have repercussions in other US states that have comparable laws, including California, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Hawaii, according to briefs filed with the court.
The six justices who approved the decision are all associated with the conservative wing of the Supreme Court, which has become a clear majority since the appointments made by the Trump administration.
The New York law was being challenged by two residents of the state, who had only a limited right to carry a gun outside their homes, and an affiliate of the powerful National Rifle Association (NRA). firearms.
Ratified in 1791, the Second Amendment to the Constitution states that
a well-organized militia being necessary for the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms will not be infringed.
In 1939, the Supreme Court had ruled that this amendment protected the right to use weapons as part of a law enforcement force, such as the army or the police, but that it was not a right. individual self-defense.
However, it changed its position during a historic judgment rendered in 2008, which established for the first time a right to possess a weapon in one’s home for self-defense.
However, it left it up to cities and states to regulate the transport of a weapon outside a home, which is why the current rules vary from place to place. Thursday’s judgment puts an end to this latitude.
The 14th Amendment provides that a state cannot adopt or enforce
laws that would restrict the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States neither
deprive a person of their life, liberty or property without legal process.
New York Governor, Democrat Kathy Hochul, lamented a
dark day and said to herself
sorry of the Supreme Court’s decision.
outrageous, absolutely outrageous that these judges took away our rights to enjoy sensible restrictions on firearms, she told reporters.
The NRA instead hailed a
victoirerejoicing that the Court declares
restrictions the carrying of weapons provided for in the law.
” The Supreme Court has affirmed that the right to bear arms DOES NOT STOP AT THE HOME DOOR. »
The NRA has long advocated for a literal reading of the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution.