The Commission of three experts who drafted the report
has reasonable grounds to believe that, in several cases, the breaches [contre les droits fondamentaux] correspond to war crimes and crimes against humanity.
” The Commission is deeply disturbed by what it has found, because it reflects deep polarization and ethnic hatred in Ethiopia. »
This has created a disturbing cycle of extreme violence that is met with retaliation, further increasing the imminent risk of further, more serious atrocities.the experts worry.
Already in November 2021, a report written jointly by the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights referred to violations, some of which could
constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity. It covered the period from November 3, 2020 to June 28, 2021.
The conflict erupted in early November 2020 when the federal government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed launched an offensive against the Tigrayan rebels of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) controlling this region of northern Ethiopia.
have always ensured that the federal government was responsible for crimes against humanity, said a spokesperson for the TPLF questioned on Monday by theAFP .
Requested by theAFPthe federal government did not react immediately.
The resumption of fighting in the north of the country on August 24 shattered a five-month truce.
Deprived of basic services
Experts pointed to the dire situation in Tigray, where the federal government and its allies denied around 6 million people access to basic services for more than a year. In addition, severe restrictions on humanitarian access have left 90% of the population in dire need of assistance.
The report indicates that there are
reasonable grounds to believe that the federal government and allied regional governments [principalement l’Érythrée] have committed and continue to commit ethnically motivated crimes against humanity and other inhumane acts.
intentionally cause great sufferingby restricting humanitarian aid to Tigray, according to the report.
Commission Chairperson Kaari Betty Murungi described the humanitarian crisis in Tigray as
shocking, both in its dimensions and its duration.
” The widespread denial and obstruction of access to basic services, food, health care and humanitarian aid is having a devastating impact on the civilian population, and we have reasonable grounds to believe that this amounts to a crime against humanity. »
We also have reasonable grounds to believe that the federal government is using starvation as a method of warfare.she added, calling on the government to
immediately restore basic services and ensure unhindered humanitarian access.
Mrs. Murungi also called on the Tigrayan forces to
ensure that humanitarian agencies can operate unimpeded.
The Commission – which also detailed the many obstacles that limited its on-site investigation, from the ban on leaving Addis Ababa to the lack of resources – was established for one year on December 17, 2021. Its mandate is to conduct an in-depth investigation and independent on accusations of repeated human rights violations.
In a whole series of recommendations, it asks the federal government, but also the Eritrean and Tigrayan authorities, to ensure that the perpetrators of the abuses are tried.
It urges international and regional bodies to
take measures to restore peace, stability and security and avoid further violations human rights.
The experts also call on the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights toUNto constantly monitor the situation and to continue to call on the parties to the conflict to respect international humanitarian law, human rights and the rights of refugees.