Home WORLD EUROPA War in Ukraine: the domino effect

War in Ukraine: the domino effect

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The precious wheat of Ukraine

Ukraine is one of the largest wheat exporters in the world. She is even nicknamed the Europe bread basket . It is also a country where a lot of corn, vegetable oil and barley are grown. Many countries, such as Yemen, Indonesia and Egypt, depend on Ukraine for their wheat supply.

But the war disrupts all that…

Agricultural production in Ukraine has been affected by the war. The export of agricultural products too. Until last month, Russian boats prevented grain shipments from leaving Ukrainian ports to reach their destination.

An illustration of a map of countries located near the Black Sea.  Ukraine, Russia and Turkey are identified.  In the Black Sea, an illustration of 5 ships.  An arrow shows that boats pass from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea using the Bosphorus.

Vessels leaving Ukraine will first have to stop in Turkey, where they will be inspected.

Photo: TurnedNews.com / Léa Priou

A new deal

To ensure the export of grain, an agreement between Russia, Ukraine, Turkey and the United Nations was signed. Despite this agreement, Russia bombed a major port in Odessa, Ukraine. On August 1, a shipment of 26,000 tons of corn was still able to leave Ukraine for Turkey.

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countries in danger

Several regions of the world were already vulnerable to famine, in particular due to natural phenomena such as droughts and floods. This is the case for some countries in East Africa, South Asia and South America.

In danger why?

Currently, the demand for food is greater than production. Prices have therefore increased enormously. Some less wealthy countries, such as Argentina, Sri Lanka or Sudan, cannot afford to import enough food for their population.

The Razoni navigates the Bosphorus, a strait.  At the top of the image is part of the city of Istanbul, Turkey.

The Razoni left the port of Odessa on August 1 for Mersin, a port city in Turkey.

Photo: Associated Press/Emrah Gurel

Starvation risk

L’UNICEF warned that the war could prevent him from feeding severely malnourished children. Ready-to-use therapeutic foods (RUTF), what’UNICEF uses, are composed of ingredients whose prices have risen significantly.

Old new cereals

For some, the current food crisis is an opportunity to think about solutions to replace wheat. Certain cereals, say heritage or old ones, such as millet, kernza and wild emmer, are more resistant to different types of climates and grow even in less fertile soils.

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