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What you need to know about the French presidential election | French Presidential 2022

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Some 48.7 million voters will have to determine whether they place their trust in the presidential candidate again. The Republic on the movewhose five-year term was marked by the yellow vests movement, the COVID-19 health crisis and the war in Ukraine.

In this second round, which looks like a rematch, Emmanuel Macron is again measured against Marine Le Pen, the candidate of the National Rally (called National Front until 2018).

Throughout a campaign that she focused on the purchasing power of the French, the far-right politician multiplied the interventions on the ground and on social networks in order to reinvigorate the image of her father’s party. , which she took over in 2011.

However, these efforts to make voters forget the years of Jean-Marie Le Pen are struggling, according to Emmanuel Macron, to hide the program of the RN candidate, who would defend the same ideas than its predecessor.

After failing to reach the second round in 2012, Marine Le Pen found herself facing Emmanuel Macron in the final round in 2017. However, she failed to convince enough voters, then credited with nearly 34% voices.

This time, the polls predict a tighter race, where the incumbent president would obtain for the moment between 54% and 56.5% of the vote.

Given favorites heading into the first round, Macron and Le Pen, who won 27.85% and 23.15% of the vote respectively on April 10, are now seeking to take over the vote from the left after the candidate of France rebellious narrowly missed the second round (21.95%).

Jean-Luc Mélenchon was able to rally young voters under 34, from whom he obtained around a third of the votes, according to polls by Ipsos-Sopra Steria and Harris Interactive. However, it is this same age group that represents the highest rates of abstentionism.

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A consultation that the candidate of France rebellious conducted among those who supported him in the first round shows that 37.65% would opt for a blank or null vote in the ballot.

In the first round, 41% of voters aged 18 to 24 say they did not vote, compared to 22% among those aged 65 and over, according to data from the firm IFOP.

How is the ballot conducted?

On Sunday, the French will participate in the last stage of the two-round majority uninominal ballot. On April 10, 72% of registered voters took part in the first round.

On April 24, polling stations will be open from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. (local time) in most cities (no later than 8 p.m. in certain exceptional cases). In Canada, this means that after 2:00 p.m. (Eastern Time), preliminary results, based on exit polls, will begin to emerge.

Once the ballots have been compiled, the Constitutional Council will announce the results. To be elected president of the Fifth Republic, the candidate must have amassed a simple majority of votes.

How can French people living abroad vote?

To vote outside the country, the French must be registered on the consular electoral list. All registered persons received a summons by e-mail or by post in which the location of the polling station is indicated.

In Canada, voting will take place on April 23.

During the first round, only 35.12% of voters registered abroad took part in the ballot, ie 504,291 of the 1.4 million people who appear on the electoral lists. Emmanuel Macron obtained 45.09% of the vote among French expatriates, followed by Jean-Luc Mélenchon with 21.92% of the vote.

The candidate of the National Rally, Marine Le Pen, came fifth in the ranking abroad, behind Éric Zemmour (Reconquest) and Yannick Jadot (Europe Ecology – The Greens).

When will the President take office?

Under Article 7 of the French Constitution, the election of a new person as head of state must take place at least 20 days and at most 35 days before the end of the term of the incumbent president.

As the transfer of power between Emmanuel Macron and his predecessor, François Hollande, took place on May 14, 2017, the five-year term of the current president will end on May 13, 2022.

It is therefore on this date, at the latest, that his successor will be invested, who will take the helm of the country for five years. After this term, he will have the opportunity to stand for a second term in a row.

The French will again be called to the polls on the occasion of the legislative elections, on June 12 and 19, 2022. Some 577 deputies, including 11 established outside France, will be appointed at the end of this exercise.

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